The Program Era

  • Filename: the-program-era.
  • ISBN: 9780674054240
  • Release Date: 2009-08-30
  • Number of pages: 480
  • Author: Mark McGurl
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press



In The Program Era, Mark McGurl offers a fundamental reinterpretation of postwar American fiction, asserting that it can be properly understood only in relation to the rise of mass higher education and the creative writing program. An engaging and stylishly written examination of an era we thought we knew, The Program Era will be at the center of debates about postwar literature and culture for years to come.

After the Program Era

  • Filename: after-the-program-era.
  • ISBN: 9781609384395
  • Release Date: 2017-01-04
  • Number of pages: 280
  • Author: Loren Glass
  • Publisher: University of Iowa Press



The publication in 2009 of Mark McGurl's The Program Era provoked a sea change in the study of postwar literature. Even though almost every English department in the United States housed some version of a creative writing program by the time of its publication, literary scholars had not previously considered that this institutional phenomenon was historically significant. McGurl's groundbreaking book effectively established that "the rise of the creative writing program stands as the most important event in postwar American literary history," forcing us to revise our understanding not only of the relationship between higher education and literary production, but also of the periodizing terminology we had previously used to structure our understanding of twentieth-century literature. After the Program Era explores the consequences and implications, as well as the lacunae and liabilities, of McGurl's foundational intervention. Glass focuses only on American fiction and the traditional MFA program, and this collection aims to expand and examine its insights in terms of other genres and sites. Postwar poetry, in particular, has until now been neglected as a product of the Program Era, even though it is, arguably, a "purer" example, since poets now depend almost entirely on the patronage of the university. Similarly, this collection looks beyond the traditional MFA writing program to explore the pre-history of writing programs in American universities, as well as alternatives to the traditionally structured program that have emerged along the way. Taken together, the essays in After the Program Era seek to answer and explore many of these questions and continue the conversations McGurl only began. CONTRIBUTORS Seth Abramson, Greg Barnhisel, Eric Bennett, Matthew Blackwell, Kelly Budruweit, Mike Chasar, Simon During, Donal Harris, Michael Hill, Benjamin Kirbach, Sean McCann, Mark McGurl, Marija Rieff, Juliana Spahr, Stephen Voyce, Stephanie Young

Ukrainian Nationalism in the Post Stalin Era

  • Filename: ukrainian-nationalism-in-the-post-stalin-era.
  • ISBN: 9789400989078
  • Release Date: 2012-12-06
  • Number of pages: 241
  • Author: K.C. Farmer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



It is a truism that, with only a few notable exceptions, western scholars only belatedly turned their attention to the phenomenon of minority nationalism in the USSR. In the last two decades, however, the topic has increasingly occupied the attention of specialists on the Soviet Union, not only because its depths and implications have not yet been adequately plumbed, but also because it is clearly a potentially explosive problem for the Soviet system itself. The problem that minority nationalism poses is perceived rather differently at the "top" of Soviet society than at the "bottom. " The elite views - or at least rationalize- the problem through the lens of Marxism-Leninism, which explains nationalist sentiment as a part of the "super structure," a temporary phenomenon that will disappear in the course of building communism. That it has not done so is a primary source of concern for the Soviet leadership, who do not seem to understand it and do not wish to accept its reality. This is based on a fallacious conceptuali zation of ethnic nationalism as determined wholly by external, or objective, factors and therefore subject to corrective measures. In terms of origins, it is believed to be the result of past oppression and discrimination; it is thus seen as a negative attitudinal set the essence of which lies in tangible, rather than psychological, factors. Below the level of the leadership, however, ethnic nationalism reflects entrenched identifications and meanings which lend continuity and authenticity to human existence.

Mexico a Comprehensive Development Agenda for the New Era

  • Filename: mexico-a-comprehensive-development-agenda-for-the-new-era.
  • ISBN: 0821349147
  • Release Date: 2001-01-01
  • Number of pages: 748
  • Author: Marcelo Giugale
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications



Annotation This comprehensive look at Mexico's development and suggested agenda for its future course is the result of years of experience of Bank staff in Mexico, augmented by what they have learned elsewhere in the world. Organized around five main themes: Fiscal Sustainability, Growth and Competitiveness, Poverty and Inequality, a Sustainable Future, and Good Government.

Dual Use Technologies and Export Control in the Post Cold War Era

  • Filename: dual-use-technologies-and-export-control-in-the-post-cold-war-era.
  • ISBN: NAP:11596
  • Release Date: 1994-01-01
  • Number of pages: 232
  • Author: Office of International Affairs
  • Publisher: National Academies Press



This book arises from a joint NAS-Russian Academy of Sciences program to explore possible new approaches to the control of sensitive dual-use technologies, with respect to expanded trade between Western advanced industrialized countries and the republics of the former Soviet Union as well as to the export trade of the Russian and other CIS republics with countries of proliferation concern.

Everyday Reading

  • Filename: everyday-reading.
  • ISBN: 9780231530774
  • Release Date: 2012-11-13
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Mike Chasar
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press



Everyday Reading is the first full-length critical study of the culture surrounding American popular and commercial poetry in the twentieth century. Exploring poetry scrapbooks, old-time radio show recordings, advertising verse, corporate archives, and Hallmark greeting cards, among other unconventional sources, Mike Chasar casts American poetry as an everyday phenomenon consumed and created by a vast range of readers in different and complex ways. Capturing American poetry’s truly diverse forms and appeal, Chasar shows how the genre helped set the stage—before television, rock music, video games, and the Internet—for the dynamics of popular culture and mass media today. Chasar investigates twentieth-century American poetry’s audience of millions and maps its range of aesthetics, cultural uses, relationship to canonical verse, and unexpected presence in many parts of modern life. Far from being a marginal art form read by a select group of educated individuals, poetry was part and parcel of American popular culture, spreading rapidly as the consumer economy expanded and companies such as Burma-Shave exploited the form’s profit-making potential. Poetry also offered ordinary Americans a wealth of opportunities for creative, emotional, political, and intellectual expression, whether through scrapbooking, participation in radio programs, or poetry contests. By reenvisioning the uses of twentieth-century poetry, Chasar enables a richer understanding of the innovations of modernist and avant-garde poets and the American reading public’s sophisticated powers of feeling and perception.

MFA vs NYC

  • Filename: mfa-vs-nyc.
  • ISBN: 9780374712273
  • Release Date: 2014-02-25
  • Number of pages: 320
  • Author: Chad Harbach
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux



Writers write—but what do they do for money? In a widely read essay entitled "MFA vs NYC," bestselling novelist Chad Harbach (The Art of Fielding) argued that the American literary scene has split into two cultures: New York publishing versus university MFA programs. This book brings together established writers, MFA professors and students, and New York editors, publicists, and agents to talk about these overlapping worlds, and the ways writers make (or fail to make) a living within them. Should you seek an advanced degree, or will workshops smother your style? Do you need to move to New York, or will the high cost of living undo you? What's worse—having a day job or not having health insurance? How do agents decide what to represent? Will Big Publishing survive? How has the rise of MFA programs affected American fiction? The expert contributors, including George Saunders, Elif Batuman, and Fredric Jameson, consider all these questions and more, with humor and rigor. MFA vs NYC is a must-read for aspiring writers, and for anyone interested in the present and future of American letters.

Leadership in an Era of Change

  • Filename: leadership-in-an-era-of-change.
  • ISBN: 9780470637777
  • Release Date: 2010-04-19
  • Number of pages: 84
  • Author: Desna L. Wallin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons



In unstable times, effective leaders must not only be able to cope with the environment, they must also be able to shape it. Leaders in today's community colleges must fit that mold. Change leadership can be said to embody four essential characteristics that might be called the four "A's." These are Change leadership anticipates it is visionary and forward-looking and avoids reactionary thinking Change leadership constantly analyzes both the internal and external enviroment to gather reliable data upon which to make decisions; it engages in strategic and tactical planning to make the most of the moment Change leadership acts; with a vision and a plan, with accurate and current data, action is collaborative and inclusive Change leadership affirms; it is not enough to have a vision, a plan, and action. Once action is implemented, attention is given to reflection, to review, and to sustaining change. This volume focuses on change leadership at all levels. The authors bring unique perspectives--they are strong, recognized scholars in leadership studies as well as practitioners actively engaged in community college leadership. Both empirical studies and best practices are included to further our knowledge and understanding of effective leadership in the context of change. This is the 149th volume of the Jossey-Bass higher education quarterly report series New Directions for Community Colleges. Essential to the professional libraries of presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other leaders in today's open-door institutions, New Directions for Community Colleges provides expert guidance in meeting the challenges of their distinctive and expanding educational mission.

Knoxville in the Vietnam Era

  • Filename: knoxville-in-the-vietnam-era.
  • ISBN: 9781439619544
  • Release Date: 2008-05-12
  • Number of pages: 128
  • Author: William Edward Hooper
  • Publisher: Arcadia Publishing



The Vietnam War era (1961–1975), one of our country’s most turbulent periods, was also a time of change and social evolution. Seeded in the aftermath of World War II, the nation enjoyed a remarkable economic boom. Knoxville and East Tennessee stood witness to the transformation of American society and the problems that came with the new success. From the first recognized combat casualty of the Vietnam War to the evacuation of Saigon, Knoxvillians were there, and their stories of sacrifice and service earned little mention or were forgotten in historical texts. At home, urban decay gained a grip on Knoxville’s once vibrant downtown, and protests were not an uncommon sight on the evening news, but there was progress too. This volume documents the start of a new beginning for Knoxville as the city tried to hold onto its traditional Appalachian values and move into a new era.

Foundations of Information Technology in the Era of Network and Mobile Computing

  • Filename: foundations-of-information-technology-in-the-era-of-network-and-mobile-computing.
  • ISBN: 1402071817
  • Release Date: 2002-07-31
  • Number of pages: 614
  • Author: Ricardo Baeza-Yates
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Foundations of Information Technology in the Era of Network and Mobile Computing is presented in two distinct but interrelated tracks: -Algorithms, Complexity and Models of Computation; -Logic, Semantics, Specification and Verification. This volume contains 45 original and significant contributions addressing these foundational questions, as well as 4 papers by outstanding invited speakers. These papers were presented at the 2nd IFIP International Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (TCS 2002), which was held in conjunction with the 17th World Computer Congress, sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), and which convened in Montréal, Québec, Canada in August 2002.

Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era

  • Filename: nuclear-strategy-in-the-modern-era.
  • ISBN: 9781400850402
  • Release Date: 2014-05-25
  • Number of pages: 360
  • Author: Vipin Narang
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press



The world is in a second nuclear age in which regional powers play an increasingly prominent role. These states have small nuclear arsenals, often face multiple active conflicts, and sometimes have weak institutions. How do these nuclear states—and potential future ones—manage their nuclear forces and influence international conflict? Examining the reasoning and deterrence consequences of regional power nuclear strategies, this book demonstrates that these strategies matter greatly to international stability and it provides new insights into conflict dynamics across important areas of the world such as the Middle East, East Asia, and South Asia. Vipin Narang identifies the diversity of regional power nuclear strategies and describes in detail the posture each regional power has adopted over time. Developing a theory for the sources of regional power nuclear strategies, he offers the first systematic explanation of why states choose the postures they do and under what conditions they might shift strategies. Narang then analyzes the effects of these choices on a state's ability to deter conflict. Using both quantitative and qualitative analysis, he shows that, contrary to a bedrock article of faith in the canon of nuclear deterrence, the acquisition of nuclear weapons does not produce a uniform deterrent effect against opponents. Rather, some postures deter conflict more successfully than others. Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era considers the range of nuclear choices made by regional powers and the critical challenges they pose to modern international security.

A New Era of Responsibility

  • Filename: a-new-era-of-responsibility.
  • ISBN: 9781605207292
  • Release Date: 2010-03-01
  • Number of pages: 140
  • Author: U.S. Office Of Management And Budget
  • Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.



"There are the years that come along once in a generation," writes President Barack Obama in his introductory message to his 2009 budget for the United States of America, "when we look at where the country has been and recognize that we need a break from a troubled past, that the problems we face demand that we begin charting a new path." This governmental report is Obama's comprehensive plan for moving past the "legacy of misplaced priorities" he inherited from the Bush administration in order to jumpstart the U.S. economy and invest for the nation's future. From the Department of Agriculture to the Department of Veteran Affairs, from the literally down-to-earth business of the EPA to the spacebound mission of NASA, here Obama lays out his concrete, pragmatic strategy to move American schools into the 21st century, improve health care while reducing it costs, repair crumbling infrastructure, and rebuild the American economy. Any American who wants to be informed about the most fundamental operations of the nation will want to study this important report. The United States OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET is a Cabinet-level office established in 1921 for the White House oversight of federal agencies. The OMB is currently headed by American economist PETER RICHARD ORSZAG (b. 1968).

American Poverty in a New Era of Reform

  • Filename: american-poverty-in-a-new-era-of-reform.
  • ISBN: 9781317477136
  • Release Date: 2015-01-28
  • Number of pages: 296
  • Author: Harrell R. Rodgers
  • Publisher: Routledge



This new edition of American Poverty in a New Era of Reform provides a comprehensive examination of the extent, causes, effects, and costs of American poverty nearly ten years after the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. The author includes the most current available demographic, budget, evaluation, and program data to evaluate the impact of this sweeping legislation on federal and state policies, as well as on poverty populations. This revised edition takes into account the economic slowdown that took place in 2001 through 2003. It examines the state decisions about how to implement PRWORA, and how changes have affected the poverty population and overall welfare system. The author identifies the positive implications of welfare reform along with problems that must be addressed. New features for this edition include an appendix of Internet sources a state-by-state tables of poverty rates.

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